MOOCs, critical thinking and museum education

COURSES This approach can be applied in a wide range of courses / subjects such as:

·      Science

·      History

·      Geography

·      Art and design

NATIONAL CURRICULUM Multidisciplinary learning pathway, planned as MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses), can promote the development of different knowledge and abilities, even in museum education. The Italian school system promotes the experimentation of new models, the use of innovative tools and the dissemination of best practices through the National Digital School Plan (issued in 2008 and transformed in one of the pillars of the 107/2015 act, aiming at creating new learning environments). The application of MOOCs in the field of artistic and cultural heritage education is a real challenge for innovation, in the fields of museum and pedagogy.

GOALS The aim of this approach is to develop digital skills and cultural and heritage education in primary school students and teachers.

PARTICIPANTS Primary School students participate in a MOOC before their visit to a cultural site.

DURATION The duration of the course is about 1 week, in order to help the acquisition of basic information before visiting the museum or heritage site.

PLAN OF ACTIVITIES Since many years, museums, places of culture and education par excellence, have been interested in the promotion of artistic and cultural heritage by means of new forms of technology, mainly in the field of distance and digital learning. Through the use of MOOCs, museum education has the opportunity to broaden the areas of integration for the new technologies, while, at the same time, developing new teaching techniques for different users. Using MOOCs, museum and heritage sites can reach a high number of students and arise their curiosity about a theme linked to museum itself. Students can develop a basic knowledge before the museum/heritage visit and take the advantage of a common learning pathway from MOOCs to the activities in the museum. 

When it is run: one week before the museum/heritage visit

Where it is run: in the classroom or at home, the recommendation is to run the initial part in the classroom to have a common base for all the students and leave (assign) the students/pupils run by themselves the subsequent parts (?), the possibility to run the MOOCs by themselves should be promoted

Register: the registration is required only for the online evaluation test

Teachers and/or museum educators create MOOCs in the field of museum education, taking into consideration a theme or a museum object linked to the cultural site. The duration of the MOOC is about 1 week and it is composed by at least 2 videos and 2 technical charts with in-depth information. Moreover, the course has a final evaluation activity, thanks to which teachers and/or museum educators can assess the level of knowledge acquisition.

UTILITIES A simple program of creating videos is necessary for teachers and museum educators to create parts of the MOOCs. Powtoon is useful to create funny videos in a simple way. Students need an online access to view and download videos and technical charts. The final evaluation activity can be done by an online form (ex. Google Forms).

MoMA MOOC

 

NL
MOOCs, kritisch denken en museum onderwijs

Leerkrachten plannen en creëren leertrajecten over een vooraf bepaald museum object, gebruikmakend van MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses).

IT
MOOCs, pensiero critico e didattica museale

L’acronimo MOOC sta per Massive Open Online Courses, corsi online ad accesso libero e gratuito pensati per la formazione a distanza che coinvolga un numero elevato di utenti. I MOOC sono parte integrante e tra i prodotti digitali più interessanti delle Open Educational Resources (OERs), strumenti che stanno assumendo un peso sempre maggiore nelle politiche educative di molti Paesi. Grazie a tale tipo di corso online (corso che si presta ad essere impiegato nei molti campi del sapere scolastico e non) gli student possono acquisire delle informazioni preliminary prima della visita al museo e/o sito archeologico. Nel contempo, I docente e gli educatori museali possono creare percorsi di apprendimento costruiti in modo rigoroso dal punto di vista didattico e dei contenuti, al fine di promuovere l’interesse verso le tematiche e gli oggetti museali legati a determinati siti culturali su un largo bacino d’utenza.

Nello specifico, gli alunni di scuola primaria possono promuovere le loro competenze digitali attraverso la partecipazione a MOOC creati dai loro medesimi insegnanti e, contemporanemante, acquisire le informazioni necessarie prima di una visita al museo.

La durata ottimale di un corso MOOC per alunni di scuola secondaria è di circa 1 settimana: esso, fruibile a distanza, deve essere compost da almeno due video e due schede di aprofondimento delle conoscenze. Utile la presenza di una prova di valutazione finale che consente al docente/educatore ideatore del corso di misurare le conoscenze acquisite dagli allienvi prima della visita al museo e dell’avvio delle attività in situ.

I tool digitali necessary per la costruzione e la creazione di MOOC sono applicazioni online per la realizzazione di video (Powtoon è una di esse: gratuita e facile da utilizzare), schede di approfondimento create come document digitale e un semplice Modulo di Google per la creazione della prova di verifica finale.

Example of MOOC

Type
  • Practise
Usage
  • Instruction / assignment
Learning activities
  • Raise attention, intensify perception (raise questions, predict...)
  • Enable cognition (observe, analyse, incite activity such as describe etc.)
  • Make a synthesis, interprete
Context
  • Classroom
  • At home
Languages
  • Italian
Age 6 to 12 years
Keywords
  • MOOC
  • Prospective teacher
  • heritage education
  • 4Cs skills
  • critical use of technology
  • Pensiero critico
  • Educazione museale
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